The APOGEE-2 survey of SDSS-IV plans to run observations both at the Sloan 2.5m telescope at Apache Point Observatory, New Mexico, and at the du Pont 2.5m telescope at Las Campanas Observatory in Chile. This will enable observations from both hemispheres, allowing APOGEE-2 to efficiently obtain spectra of stars from all regions of our own Galaxy. Observations from Chile are due to start in 2016.
Last month, several members of the APOGEE-2 Team had three engineering nights kindly provided by the Carnegie Institution on the du Pont 100-inch Telescope. This time was needed for engineering work in preparation for use of the telescope with APOGEE. Paul Harding (Case Western), John Wilson (UVa), French Leger (UW), Garrett Ebelke (APO) and Fred Hearty (PSU) made nighttime measurements in the visual and near-infrared wavelengths to help determine the optimal focal plane location and radius of curvature for wide-field telescope use (ie. the best places to put the tips of the APOGEE fibers so they capture as much of the light from target stars as possible).
Before the run the Las Campanas Observatory staff installed the 3-segment wide-field baffle system so the team could measure vignetting as a function of field location using both traditional and pinhole imaging. The 3-segment wide-field baffle system uses three different blackened, conical, tubes mounted between the telescope mirrors to ensure that only light from the direction the telescope is aimed reaches the focal plane. This was the first time the 3-segment baffle system had been installed in about 15 years.
This run was an excellent first start to learning the wide-field capabilities of the du Pont telescope and how best to position the hundreds of fibers in the focal plane. Another run is planned for late this year to make further measurements.